The Lindenhoff manor

The unique architectural ensembleLindenhoff/Liepasmuiza

The history of the manor

The Lindenhoff manor got his name from the Linden (Liepas) village, not a single building of which has been preserved. It was founded in 1672 on the sites of several villages: Gravanu, Spruiku, Liepas, Ozola and Usinu and partly on the territory of the Jurlana (Jullas) manor.
The first owner G. Erlich, wrote in his petition to Swedish government: „After the surveying of the land, which belonged to the noble family of the counts (Uksenshern, Oxenstiern) in 1652 the so-called Sermulu island was left without an owner. When in 1672 the count's noble lords, dead by God's will, ordered to establish the Lindenhoff manor and I, being its first landowner, started to build it, I found that the Sermulu island was still free... ".
Since1685 one of the Latvian national schools, established by Ernst Gluck (1652 – 1705), a priest and Bible translator, had been housed. Due to his efforts, the Lindenhoff manor had contributed greatly to the development of Latvian culture.

The manor also played a considerable role in the development of Estonian culture. In autumn of 1686 a six-week conference in which participated 12 priests from Reval (Tallinn), Turbat (Tartu) and Saamsala (Saaremaa) was held here. The subject of the discussion was the adequacy of the Estonian translation of the Bible.
In 1700, with the beginning of the Great Northern War, the Swedish government mortgaged the Lindenhoff manor to Hans Heinrich Behrens, a member of the Riga Rath. His heirs managed the manor until 1725.

In 1741, Anna, the Russian empress, gave the Lindenhoff manor to Peter Lassie, General Field Marshal, as a gift. He immediately sold the manor to the Privy Councilor Baron I. K. Campenhausen, who was an expert in property speculation, buying and selling estates. Baron and his wife's brother, the full Councilor of State Didrik von Zimmermann, exchanged estates and consequently Baron became the owner of the Ledurgas manor. After Baron D. Zimmerman's death Campenhausen again became the owner of the Lindenhoff manor, having inherited it.

In 1750, as a result of another exchange of the manor Major General Evert Gustav Boye became the next owner.
In 1758, of Baron Boye's widow (born Countess Lassie) sold the manor to Colonel Adrian von Balthasar Hagemeister. The Lindenhoff manor was later inherited by his son, Polish Lieutenant and Prussian chamberlain Nikholai von Hagemeister.

 

The plan of the "Lindenhoff" manor in 1787. Painter Krause.


In 1783, according to the order of the Senate Nikholai Hagemeister was forced to give the manor to Baron Evert Gustav Boye's son - Baron Pierce Boye. Since then, the Lindenhoff manor had been managed by this family for many years. After Pierce's  death the manor was run by his widow Gertrude Boye.

During these years, Gertrude was visited by the members of "Prophetenclubb" ("Club of the Prophets"). It was a freedom-loving and enlightened union of intellectuals, consisting mainly of young Germans: Riga Theater actors, future private tutors and officers.

Gertrude's son and heir – Chiron – in 1824 mortgaged the manor to Peter Pander. Judging by the appearance of the buildings that belong to the period between 1840 and 1842, Peter Pander was a good landowner. Later, the manor was bought by Baron von Schroeder, who mortgaged it as well, and in 1874 the manor was bought by the former Guard Lieutenant and respectable member of the family - August von Pander.

After the death of August von Pander in 1875 the manor was co-managed by his under-age children whose foster parents sold it a year later to Otto von Fёgezak. Six years later, the manor was sold to the Baroness Charlotte von Wolff (born von Reutern). From that moment until the First World War, the manor was a von Reutern family house.

During the First World War, the manor functioned as a school for children of the refugees, but in 1919 the school building was seriously damaged during the attack of Bermondt's army (Bermondt army - members of the anti-Soviet military unit with pro-German orientation formed by P. R. Bermondt-Avalov, consisting of Russian officers and German volunteers and meant to fight against the Bolsheviks and the Latvian republic).
The school was moved to the manor house, where it was until 1970. This central building has been preserved to the present day, but in very poor condition.

 

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